The name snook
includes different types of fish, belonging to the genus Centropomus
, group of sea and freshwater fish, located on both coasts of Mexico.
the important species in the Gulf of Mexico are the common snook or white snook (Centropomus undecimalis
) and robalo prieto (Centropomus poeyi
), on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, the robalito (Centropomus robalito
The common snook
, also known as chucumite, lives preferably in the sea, although it also inhabits rivers and estuaries; this fish is a predator of all kinds of small fish and crustaceans. It is a large fish; it has a wide mouth, prominent lower jaw, flattened head, sides and belly of a silvery color and a forked tail. It has a black lateral stripe that reaches the tail, large, rough scales, dorsal color that varies according to the environment in which it lives, ranging from green to gray to brown. It has white, soft, oily and juicy meat making it one of the most appreciated species.
largest abundance of this species is found in the Gulf of Mexico due to the presence of a large number of streams in the area.
The breeding season is from March to September.
can be done all year round, but the authorities and agencies involved in the issue have proposed a ban during the months of July and August, when the largest number of organisms is in reproduction. And while aquaculture activities are underway.
production is found in the Yucatan Region (Campeche) during the period from March to October; on a smaller scale, in the Gulf region and South Central Gulf region.
The robalo prieto
lives preferably at sea, although it also inhabits freshwater, rivers, streams and estuaries. This is an elongated, compact fish; the top of the head goes from straight to concave; it has a large mouth, protruding lower jaw, two dorsal fins separated by a small space. The forked tail is gray to black; it has large, rough scales, a lateral line that goes from the middle part of the body up to the end of the tail. The meat of this fish is darker than that of the common snook, it also is soft, greasy and juicy.
largest abundance of this species is located in the Northern Gulf Region.
is a fish that lives in lake systems, estuaries and coastal areas, most of the time remains in brackish inland waters, when it reaches maturity. Is of a smaller size compared with other fish of the same genus.
largest abundance of this species is located in the corresponding regions of the Pacific Ocean, highlighting the Central and South Pacific regions.
prepare it in ceviches; whole fish are roasted on the grill, on a grid or they are baked; they are covered with adobo or can be marinated and then cooked; if sliced they complement broths, soups, stews accompanied by various sauces; they are cooked with rice, pasta, and stews with sauces; they are steamed and shredded to be used as stuffing for tamales and antojitos. Also, they are wrapped in banana leaves and roasted, when cut into steaks they can be grilled, or be breaded or battered and then fried.