The Central Gulf Region includes territory that corresponds to the center and south of Veracruz, limited by an extensive coastal plain that abuts the Gulf of Mexico to the east, as well as the Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Madre del Sur, Mexico’s Neo-volcanic Axis, the Chiapas and Guatemala sierras, and the Central American Range to the west, all of which generate a variable climate that ranges from tropical to mountain cold.
Coastal plain plant and animal life is made up of grasses, palms, mangroves, white cranes, kingfishers, gulls and pelicans. In the highlands, pine, encino oak, cedar and sacred fir predominate, and at 3200 meters above sea level, there are
At this time the area’s principal economic activities include industry, especially that related to petroleum extraction and petroleum derivatives; trade via the area’s major ports, and agriculture. The importance of Veracruz’s industry is reflected in its percentage share of overall Mexican production in sectors such as the sugar industry, petrochemicals, agrochemicals, metallurgy, textiles, paper, breweries, fertilizers, machinery, cement and salt exploitation.
Its noteworthy agricultural products are coffee, mango, rice, pineapple, vanilla, sugarcane, citrus fruits such as orange and lime, bananas, beans and corn.