The southern Gulf region is made up of the state of Tabasco and the north of Chiapas. Its topography consists of coastal plains that flood yearly due to swamp zones and other bodies of water, as well as by the Chiapas and Guatemala sierras. One third of Mexico’s fresh water is found in the region.
In jungles and the south of Tabasco, the most common flora are highland forest trees such as the ceiba, the guapaque and the saman mimosa as well as precious woods like cedar and mahogany, India laurel, royal poinciana, rubber trees, breadfruit and grasslands, where papagayo and loro parrots, mockingbirds, calandria larks, toucans, macaws, quetzals, hummingbirds, mountain turkeys and starlings, deer, ocelots, sarahuato monkeys, crocodiles, iguanas and a number of snake species live. There is a rich variety of plant and animal species in the area’s swamps that make this a region like no other: crocodiles, alligator gars and turtles, as well as frogs, salamanders, toads, and of course, a large variety of birds such as the pijije and other ducks, white and black cranes. Coastal lagoons and the shore support fruits like icacos and coconuts, as well as hibiscus elatus and mangroves, and are home to animals like nurtrias, manatees, alligators, iguanas and turtles; as well as edible fish such as gar, catfish, robalo and bream. Seas are fished for shrimp, red snapper and sea bream.
The territory is extraordinary for its high temperatures, torrential rains and numerous bodies of water: rivers, lagoons and swamps like no others in Mexico, as well as extensive petroleum reserves that have been recently exploited.


Fish tamales
Coffee with metate chocolate