The North Pacific Region includes the states of Sonora, Sinaloa and the northern regions of Nayarit.
Geographically, the Sierra Madre Occidental separates the region from the Northern High Plateau, and it features widespread pine, fir, sacred fir and encino oak forests. Its coasts are rich in edible marine species and there are desert areas as well as numerous rivers featuring rich alluvial plains that have been dammed to support large-scale cereal planting of species such as chapalote corn (among other varieties), wheat, bayo beans, sorghum, soy, safflower, palay rice and produce, plus coconut and mango groves. At the coast, estuaries and mangroves that support shrimp farming abound.
Oceans and major rivers are fished for their marlin, sea bream, mackerel, shrimp, mullet, catfish, turtle and ample scallop beds. On land, iguana, armadillo, venison, goat, duck, hare and ranched beef are consumed. The climate is extreme, with summer highs greater than 45C and sub-zero C lows in the winter.
Sonora’s principal economic activities include ranching, mining, fishing, agriculture and more recently, industrial assembly work (known as