THE YUCATÁN

The Yucatán region is made up of the states of Campeche, Quintana Roo and Yucatán.
The west, southeast and north of Campeche are made up by plains that frequently flood, swamplands and rivers. To the west, ocean sands are removed and replaced by marine currents to create Isla del Carmen and Laguna de Términos. The vegetation corresponds to tropical families; jungles cover 80% of its territory. The most common plant life includes cedar, mahogany, ziricote, achiote, palms and flowers; noteworthy animal species include porcupine, whitetail deer, raccoon, boar, tepezcuintle, kinkajous, jaguars, ocelots and tigrillos. Along the coast, grasslands, tule trees and mangroves predominate; at sea, dogfish, shrimp, lobster, grouper, bream, octopus, robalo, crab, mackerel and red snapper are fished. In the north of the state, henequen plantations have supplanted natural vegetation.
Most of the Yucatán’s land is made up of a plain that formed from a marine shelf made up of calcified rock and sink holes known as cenotes. Along the coasts, beaches and bodies of water such as the Celestún estuary, Yucalpetén, El Islote and Ría Lagartos have developed. A warm, sub-humid climate can be found in most parts of the state. In the area known as the Sierrita, precious woods such as cedar and mahogany, as well as others such as ceiba and achiote, make up the predominating flora; animal life includes Yucatán quail, scaled pigeon, porcupine, weasels and tree squirrels. The plains are home to grasslands and, currently, henequen and prickly pear plantations; regional animals include jaguar, tepexcuintle, ounces, tapirs and cinnamon partridges. Mangroves dominate costs; at sea, sharks, groupers, bream and red snapper are fished.
In Quintana Roo there is a plain that dominates the east and north of the state; to the west there are hills made of sedimentary rock. Practically the entire state is subject to a warm, sub-humid climate; a miniscule part—located on the island of Cozumel—has a warm-humid climate. In the jungle there are precious wood species and chico sapodilla trees from which latex—for chewing gum—is extracted, as well as ceiba trees that are essential to life in the region. Mangrove and palo de tinte predominate at the coast. Inland one finds animal species such as red deer or temazate, tapirs, tepezcuintles and pheasants. In contrast, at the coast and within mangroves there are alligators, turtles, manatees—in danger of extinction—white cranes and a wide array of amphibians and insects. At sea there are sharks, grouper, sábalo, sea bream, dogfish, sea snail and black coral.
Campeche’s warm climate favors the cultivation of tropical fruit varieties such as mango and chico sapodilla, banana, watermelon and melon. Sugarcane, rice, sorghum, beans and produce are also cultivated.
In Yucatán state the warm, humid climate support henequen farming, the state’s most important crop; corn, beans, melon, watermelon, orange, lime and mango are also grown.
Quintana Roo’s warm, sub-humid climate favors sugarcane, jalapeño peppers, corn, rice, vegetables and fruits such as chico sapodilla, orange, grapefruit, papaya, bitter lime, mango and pineapple, among others; the jungle supports chico sapodilla, banana, orange trees and mamey.
The region’s economic activities relate to tourism; petroleum extraction; trade; and agricultural honey, rice, corn, sugarcane, watermelon, peanut, bean and chile production; plus ranching and fishing.

Frijol con puerco
Papadzules
Joroch' with squash blossom
Tikin xic fish