The Yucatán region is made up of the states of Campeche, Quintana Roo and Yucatán.
The west, southeast and north of Campeche are made up by plains that frequently flood, swamplands and rivers. To the west, ocean sands are removed and replaced by marine currents to create Isla del Carmen and Laguna de Términos. The vegetation corresponds to tropical families; jungles cover 80% of its territory. The most common plant life includes cedar, mahogany, ziricote, achiote, palms and flowers; noteworthy animal species include porcupine, whitetail deer, raccoon, boar,
Most of the Yucatán’s land is made up of a plain that formed from a marine shelf made up of calcified rock and sink holes known as
In Quintana Roo there is a plain that dominates the east and north of the state; to the west there are hills made of sedimentary rock. Practically the entire state is subject to a warm, sub-humid climate; a miniscule part—located on the island of Cozumel—has a warm-humid climate. In the jungle there are precious wood species and chico sapodilla trees from which latex—for chewing gum—is
Campeche’s warm climate favors the cultivation of tropical fruit varieties such as mango and chico sapodilla, banana, watermelon and melon. Sugarcane, rice, sorghum, beans and produce are also cultivated.
In Yucatán state the warm, humid climate support henequen farming, the state’s most important crop; corn, beans, melon, watermelon, orange, lime and mango are also grown.
Quintana Roo’s warm, sub-humid climate favors sugarcane, jalapeño peppers, corn, rice, vegetables and fruits such as chico sapodilla, orange, grapefruit, papaya, bitter lime, mango and pineapple, among others; the jungle supports chico sapodilla, banana, orange trees and mamey.
The region’s economic activities relate to tourism; petroleum extraction; trade; and agricultural honey, rice, corn, sugarcane, watermelon, peanut, bean and chile production; plus ranching and fishing.